Making a successful career in his life is the ultimate aim of a student. From the starting of his education, a student starts planning about his career goals and aims he need to achieve. Medical, engineering, doctors, scientists, biotechnologists, etc are the careers which one can opt for post completing his studies in the science field. After science, be it medical or non- medical, commerce is the field which attracts students. Many students have been seen opting for career in accounting or commerce after passing their secondary school examinations.
Career in accounting or finance becomes the goal for the student’s pursuing studies in the field of sciences. The different fields to which the commerce subject is divided are: 1.)Accounting. 2.)Banking. 3.)Finance. 4.)Computers. 5.)Business studies. 6.)Economics.
After completing his senior secondary education, commerce students mainly opt for business management, computers or accountancy courses as their graduation subjects. The most popular course which has become the career goal for almost every commerce students these days is career in accountancy. Accounting Job involves the responsibility of maintaining the accounts of the organisation, analysing it and further adding on to the economic development of the company.
The three different fields or courses available in the field of accountancy are:
1.)CA- Charted Accountancy 2.)ICWAI- Cost Accountancy 3.)CS- Company Secretary
All these courses are provided by special institutes and have their individual regulatory bodies, governing the course structure and further career developments in the respective fields.
Charted Accountancy: Charted accountant is the person responsible for few of the most important functions required to run a smooth functioning of the organisation in term of its monetary funds and finances like accountancy, auditing, taxation, etc. The Institute of Charted Accountants of India (ICAI) is the organisation responsible for the regulation of charted accountancy profession in India. The students for becoming a member of this institute, has to go through a series of examinations, appearing before which, he has to register himself with the statutory body of ICAI. There are three levels of CA examination, i.e. CPT- Common Proficiency Test, PCC- Professional Competence Course, and then is the final exam, which has to be cleared, after which the student becomes a members a member of ICAI and can practise his profession in charted accountancy. The minimum time required to do this entire course is 3.5 to 4 years, which is in very rare cases, because the examination is very tough and it consumes years to pass one level.
Cost Accountancy: In this field the person responsible, is required to manage the cost related functions of the company in an organised way, he needs to collect, analyse and assemble all the cost related departments. He also needs to check, the utilisation of the funds is done in the right manner and in the productive direction. The institute responsible for application of the job responsibilities of cost accountancy in the country is The institute of Cost and Works Accountants of India. For taking admission in this course, students needs to clear three levels of examination, conducted by ICWAI, and registration for examination can be done after passing the senior secondary exam. The students having passed out all the three levels of ICWAI exam, other than working as cost accountant in public and private organisations, can also opt for working as a consultant in the field of finance management.
Company Secretary: This is another field which can be opted by the accounts or commerce students after passing their 12th exams. It is regulated by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India, which takes examination of the students applying for the course of CS, there are three levels for the same, after which the student can apply for CS in different companies and industries. As the name suggests, the job is not of a clerical or secretarial job, the CS is responsible for all the legal, board, trustee, managerial and corporate level decisions are taken with reference to the Company Secretary.